Stabat Mater

Stabat Mater
Artist various artists
Format 14 CD
Cat. number 95370
EAN code 5028421953700
Release February 2017

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About this release

The Stabat Mater depicts Mary standing at the cross of Jesus, weeping at the sight of her son's crucifixion. The poem asks us to share in Mary's pain ('Fac, ut ardeat cor meum') and rejoice in Christ's sacrifice for mankind. The timeless bond between a mother and her son transcends the shifting world around us. Mary's anguish crosses all boundaries, speaking to anyone who has seen a loved one suffering, humanising Christ for experiencing mortal pain even while lauding him as the saviour. Not only is the theme heartfelt and tender, but the Latin text is rhythmic and lyrical, lending itself perfectly to music.

The existing versions represent a wonderful diversity of styles. In Palestrina's time, it was important that the music did not interfere with the clarity of the words. His Stabat Mater for eight voices, therefore, is simple, resonant, and wonderfully moving. Vivaldi, Caldara and both Alessandro and Domenico Scarlatti were among the Baroque composers to try their hand next; Vivaldi only set the first ten stanzas, ending with the plea to experience Mary's suffering for ourselves. The music, melancholy and minor, contrasts with Caldara's setting, which includes two trombones.

Later composers include Luigi Boccherini, who wrote some florid lines for solo soprano, the only early setting to include a soloist. By the time Haydn came to write his own Stabat Mater in 1767 he would have been familiar with those of Pergolesi and Alessandro Scarlatti. It became Haydn's most performed work in his lifetime, notable for its swapping out of the oboes for two cors anglais in two of the movements, creating a graver and more melancholy sound.

Dvořák and Liszt both created highly personal settings of the poem: Liszt because of his
strong religious impulse – he wrote the Stabat Mater as part of his oratorio Christus while
living in the Vatican, having entered the lower orders – and Dvořák because of a string of personal tragedies. The Czech composer lost his eldest daughter Josefa in 1876, which prompted him to begin sketching the music, and he returned to the composition in 1877 after the deaths of his two surviving children in close succession.

A number of turn-of-the-century composers lent their romantic touch to the text. Verdi's version, scored for chorus and large orchestra, was written towards the end of his life, and is fully representative of his mature style. Stanford and Howells, both deeply embedded in the Anglican tradition, brought the Stabat Mater into the renaissance of British music. The Stabat Mater has lost none of its allure in more recent times: perhaps its enduring quality has become even more important since the momentous events of the 20th century. Poulenc composed his setting in 1950, stung by the recent death of his close friend Christian Bérard. Knut Nystedt, the Norwegian composer who died in 2014, composed his stripped down Stabat Mater in 1986, scored for choir and solo cello. Influenced by Gregorian chant and Palestrina, the composer brings us full circle to the earliest settings of this ageless poem.

Brilliant Classics has brought together a number of first-class performers for this set, including classic performances and new recordings. Harry Christophers conducts The Sixteen in their performance of Agostino Steffani's Stabat Mater dolorosa, featuring soloists Elin Manahan Thomas and Grace Davidson. Dvořák's Stabat Mater is stylishly performed by The Washington Chorus and Orchestra, conducted by Robert Shafer, alongside Christine Brewer and John Aler, in a performance recorded at Washington D.C.'s John F. Kennedy Center. Boccherini's Stabat Mater (released in July 2016 and praised by MusicWeb International as 'an engaging performance, high on polish and long on assurance') is performed by the young Ensemble Symposium, featuring Francesca Boncompagni.

The text of Stabat Mater Dolorosa, a hymn to the Virgin Mary, is attributed to Jacopo Todi (1230-1306). It is a lamentation upon the tragic fate of Mary, bewailing the suffering and death of her son Jesus Christ at the cross. This outpouring of grief and loss is of universal human appeal and has inspired many composers throughout history, writing music of the most heart wrenching beauty. This 14CD set is the most extensive collection of Stabat Maters ever collected, 23 in total. It includes the most famous Stabat Mater ever composed, that by Pergolesi, as well as by known and lesser composers from the Baroque well into the 20th century, closing with the moving Stabat Mater by Arvo Pärt.
Included are the original Stabat Mater text and liner notes written by Philip Borg-Wheeler specially for this. A worthy successor to the successful Brilliant Classics REQUIEM collection (BC95104).

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: II. Cujus animam gememtem
  3. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: III. O quam tristis et afflicta
  4. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: IV. Quae moerabat et dolebat
  5. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: V. Quis est homo qui non fleret
  6. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: VI. Vidit suum dulcem natum
  7. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: VII. Eja Mater, fons amoris
  8. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: VIII. Fac, ut ardeat cor meum
  9. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: IX. Sancta mater, istud agas
  10. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: X. Fac, ut portem Christi mortem
  11. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: XI. Inflammatus et accensus
  12. Stabat mater in F Minor, P.77: XII. Quando corpus morietur
  13. Stabat mater
  14. Stabat mater, RV 621: I. Stabat mater
  15. Stabat mater, RV 621: II. Cujus animam
  16. Stabat mater, RV 621: III. O quam tristis
  17. Stabat mater, RV 621: IV. Quis est homo
  18. Stabat mater, RV 621: V. Quis non posset
  19. Stabat mater, RV 621: VI. Pro peccatis
  20. Stabat mater, RV 621: VII. Eja mater
  21. Stabat mater, RV 621: VIII. Fac, ut ardeat
  22. Stabat mater, RV 621: IX. Amen

Disk 2

  1. Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Stabat mater: II. Cujus animam gememtem
  3. Stabat mater: III. O quam tristis
  4. Stabat mater: IV. Quis est homo qui non fleret
  5. Stabat mater: V. Quis non posset contristari
  6. Stabat mater: VI. Pro peccatis suae gentis
  7. Stabat mater: VII. Vidit suum dulcem natum
  8. Stabat mater: VIII. Eja mater, fons amoris
  9. Stabat mater: IX. Sancta mater, istud agas
  10. Stabat mater: X. Fac, ut ardeat cor meum
  11. Stabat mater: XI. Tui nati vulnerati
  12. Stabat mater: XII. Juxta crucem tecum stare
  13. Stabat mater: XIII. Virgo virginum praeclara
  14. Stabat mater: XIV. Fac, ut portem Christi mortem
  15. Stabat mater: XV. Inflammatus et accensus
  16. Stabat mater: XVI. Fac me cruce custodiri
  17. Stabat mater: XVII. Quando corpus morietur
  18. Stabat mater in G Minor: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  19. Stabat mater in G Minor: II. Cujus animam gememtem
  20. Stabat mater in G Minor: III. Quis est homo
  21. Stabat mater in G Minor: IV. Sancta mater
  22. Stabat mater in G Minor: V. Tui nati vulnerati
  23. Stabat mater in G Minor: VI. Fac me tecum
  24. Stabat mater in G Minor: VII. Juxta crecum
  25. Stabat mater in G Minor: VIII. Virgo virginum
  26. Stabat mater in G Minor: IX. Fac, ut portem
  27. Stabat mater in G Minor: X. Flammis nu urar succensus
  28. Stabat mater in G Minor: XI. Christe, cum sit hinc exire
  29. Stabat mater in G Minor: XII. Fac ut animae donator

Disk 3

  1. Stabat mater in C Minor: I. Stabat mater. Largo chorus
  2. Stabat mater in C Minor: II. O quam tristis. Andante soprano
  3. Stabat mater in C Minor: III. Quis est homo. Andante soprano, alto
  4. Stabat mater in C Minor: IV. Pro peccatis. Adagio alto
  5. Stabat mater in C Minor: V. Eja Mater. Cantabile alto
  6. Stabat mater in C Minor: VI. Sancta mater. Tempo giusto chorus
  7. Stabat mater in C Minor: VII. Fac me vere tecum stare. Sostenuto alto
  8. Stabat mater in C Minor: VIII. Juxta crucem. Andante bass
  9. Stabat mater in C Minor: IX. Virgo virginum. Tempo giusto chorus
  10. Stabat mater in C Minor: X. Fac, ut portem. Vivace tenor
  11. Stabat mater in C Minor: XI. Fac me plagis vulnerary. Adagio alto, tenor, chorus
  12. Stabat mater in C Minor: XII. Inflammatus alto, tenor, chorus
  13. Stabat mater in C Minor: XIII. Fac me cruce custodiri. Tempo giusto bass
  14. Stabat mater in C Minor: XIV. Fac me cruce custodiri. Affettuoso soprano
  15. Stabat mater in C Minor: XV. Quando corpus. Largo e pianissimo chorus
  16. Stabat mater in C Minor: XVI. Paradisi Gloria. Adagio soprano, alto, tenor, bass, chorus
  17. Dio e la vergine: I. Recitativo. Non anche avea natura Dio
  18. Dio e la vergine: II. Aria. Vergine bella Dio
  19. Dio e la vergine: III. Recitativo. Signor, poiché a te piacque Vergine
  20. Dio e la vergine: IV. Aria. Io voglio solo Vergine
  21. Dio e la vergine: V. Recitativo. Da me fosti Dio, Vergine
  22. Dio e la vergine: VI. Duetto. Sei tutta bella Dio, Vergine

Disk 4

  1. Stabat mater dolorosa: I. Stabat mater dolorosa EMT
  2. Stabat mater dolorosa: II. Cujus animam gementem EMT, GD, MD, chorus
  3. Stabat mater dolorosa: III. Quis est homo qui non fleret JB, MD
  4. Stabat mater dolorosa: IV. Pro peccatis suae gentis chorus
  5. Stabat mater dolorosa: V. Vidit suum dulcem natum RM
  6. Stabat mater dolorosa: VI. Eja mater, fons amoris EMT, GD, JB, MD, chorus
  7. Stabat mater dolorosa: VII. Fac me vere tecum flere MD, chorus
  8. Stabat mater dolorosa: VIII. Virgo virginum praeclara JB, MD, RM
  9. Stabat mater dolorosa: IX. Fac, ut portem Christi mortem EMT, GD, MD
  10. Stabat mater dolorosa: X. Fac me plagis vulnerari chorus
  11. Stabat mater dolorosa: XI. Inflammatus et accensus JB, MD, RM
  12. Stabat mater dolorosa: XII. Quando corpus morietur chorus
  13. Stabat mater G. 532: I. Stabat mater
  14. Stabat mater G. 532: II. Cujus animam
  15. Stabat mater G. 532: III. Quae moerebat
  16. Stabat mater G. 532: IV. Quis est homo
  17. Stabat mater G. 532: V. Pro peccatis
  18. Stabat mater G. 532: VI. Eja mater
  19. Stabat mater G. 532: VII. Tui nati vulnerati
  20. Stabat mater G. 532: VIII. Virgo virginum
  21. Stabat mater G. 532: IX. Fac, ut portem
  22. Stabat mater G. 532: X. Fac me plagis
  23. Stabat mater G. 532: XI. Quando corpus

Disk 5

  1. Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Stabat mater: II. Cujus animam gementem
  3. Stabat mater: III. Quis non posset
  4. Stabat mater: IV. Eja mater, fons amoris
  5. Stabat mater: V. Sancta mater, istud agas
  6. Stabat mater: VI. Fac me vere tecum
  7. Stabat mater: VII. Juxta crucem
  8. Stabat mater: VIII. Inflammatus et accensus
  9. Stabat mater: IX. Fac, ut animae donetur
  10. Stabat mater: X. Amen
  11. Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater. Andante con vita
  12. Stabat mater: II. Pro peccatis. Adagio
  13. Stabat mater: III. Tui nati. Andantino
  14. Stabat mater: IV. Fac, ut portem. Andante

Disk 6

  1. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: II. O quam tristis et afflicta
  3. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: III. Quis est homo
  4. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: IV. Quis non posset
  5. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: V. Pro peccatis suae gentis
  6. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: VI. Videt suum dulcem natum
  7. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: VII. Eja mater, fons amoris
  8. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: VIII. Sancta mater, istud agas
  9. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: IX. Fac me verum tecum flere
  10. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: X. Virgo virginum praeclara
  11. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: XI. Flammis arci ne succendor
  12. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: X. Fac me cruci custodiri
  13. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: XI. Quando corpus morietur
  14. Stabat mater in G minor, Hob. XXbis: XII. Paradisi gloria
  15. Stabat mater in G minor D. 175

Disk 7

  1. Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Stabat mater: II. Cujus animam gementem
  3. Stabat mater: III. Quis est homo
  4. Stabat mater: IV. Pro peccatis
  5. Stabat mater: V. Eja, mater, fons amoris
  6. Stabat mater: VI. Sancta mater
  7. Stabat mater: VII. Fac, ut portem
  8. Stabat mater: VIII. Inflammatus et accensus
  9. Stabat mater: IX. Quando corpus morietur
  10. Stabat mater: X. In sempiterna saecula

Disk 8

  1. Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: II. O quam tristis
  3. Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: III. Quis est homo
  4. Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: IV. Eja, mater
  5. Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: V. Eja, mater
  6. Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: VI. Virgo virginum
  7. Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: VII. Flammis ne urar
  8. Stabat mater No. 3 in C Minor: VIII. Quando corpus

Disk 9

  1. Stabat mater, Op. 58: I. Stabat mater dolorosa soloists, chorus
  2. Stabat mater, Op. 58: II. Quis est homo, qui non fleret soloists
  3. Stabat mater, Op. 58: III. Eja, mater, fons amoris chorus
  4. Stabat mater, Op. 58: IV. Fac, ut ardeat cor meum bass, chorus
  5. Stabat mater, Op. 58: V. Tui nati vulnerati chorus
  6. Stabat mater, Op. 58: VI. Fac me vere tecum flere tenor, chorus
  7. Stabat mater, Op. 58: VII. Virgo virginum praeclara chorus

Disk 10

  1. Stabat mater, Op. 58: I. Fac, ut portem Christi mortem soprano, tenor
  2. Stabat mater, Op. 58: II. Inflammatus et accensus alto
  3. Stabat mater, Op. 58: III. Quando corpus morietur soloists, chorus
  4. Stabat mater, Op. 154: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  5. Stabat mater, Op. 154: II. Quis est homo
  6. Stabat mater, Op. 154: III. Eja Mater
  7. Stabat mater, Op. 154: IV. Fac me vere
  8. Stabat mater, Op. 154: V. Fac me plagis vulneraria

Disk 11

  1. Stabat mater, Op. 96: I. Prelude. Largo
  2. Stabat mater, Op. 96: II. Stabat mater. Andante molto espressivo soloists, chorus
  3. Stabat mater, Op. 96: III. Intermezzo. Allegro moderato
  4. Stabat mater, Op. 96: IV. Eja Mater. Allegretto soloists, chorus
  5. Stabat mater, Op. 96: V. Finale. Allegro soloists
  6. Stabat mater from quattro pezzi sacri

Disk 12

  1. Stabat mater, Op. 53: I. Stabat mater dolorosa. Andante mesto soprano, chorus
  2. Stabat mater, Op. 53: II. Quis est homo qui non fleret. Moderato baritone, chorus
  3. Stabat mater, Op. 53: III. Eja mater, fons amoris. Lento dolcissimo soprano, alto, chorus
  4. Stabat mater, Op. 53: IV. Fac me tecum, pie, flere. Moderato soprano, alto, chorus
  5. Stabat mater, Op. 53: V. Virgo virginum praeclara. Allegro baritone, chorus
  6. Stabat mater, Op. 53: VI. Christe, cum sit hinc exire. Andante tranquillissimo soloists, chorus
  7. Stabat mater, FP 148: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  8. Stabat mater, FP 148: II. Cujus animam gementem
  9. Stabat mater, FP 148: III. O quam tristis
  10. Stabat mater, FP 148: IV. Quae moerebat
  11. Stabat mater, FP 148: V. Quis est homo
  12. Stabat mater, FP 148: VI. Vidit suum
  13. Stabat mater, FP 148: VII. Eja mater
  14. Stabat mater, FP 148: VIII. Fac ut ardeat
  15. Stabat mater, FP 148: XI. Sancta mater
  16. Stabat mater, FP 148: X. Fac, ut portem
  17. Stabat mater, FP 148: XI. Inflammatus et accensus
  18. Stabat mater, FP 148: XII. Quando corpus

Disk 13

  1. Stabat mater: I. Stabat mater dolorosa
  2. Stabat mater: II. Cujus animam gementem
  3. Stabat mater: III. Quis est homo
  4. Stabat mater: IV. Eja, mater
  5. Stabat mater: V. Sancta mater —
  6. Stabat mater: VI. Fac, ut portem —
  7. Stabat mater: VII. Christe cum sit hinc exire
  8. Te deum
  9. Sine nomine

Disk 14

  1. Stabat mater dolorosa from the oratorio Christus, S. 172b
  2. Stabat mater, Op. 111
  3. Stabat mater