Fitzwilliam Virginal Book Vol. 4

Fitzwilliam Virginal Book Vol. 4
Composer Giles Farnaby, John Bull
Artist Pieter-Jan Belder harpsichord
Format 2 CD
Cat. number 95254
EAN code 5028421952543
Release January 2016

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About this release

The extraordinary Fitzwilliam Virginal Book is a fascinating document housed in the Fitzwilliam Library in Cambridge, UK. It was probably compiled by Francis Treggian in the early 17th century, while he sat in prison for refusing to renounce his Catholicism. Whatever its origins, the exceptional manuscript contains almost 300 pieces, including many by known Roman Catholic sympathisers. In this, the fourth volume of the series, Pieter-Jan Belder focuses on the works by Giles Farnaby and John Bull, with Farnaby being one of the few Protestants represented in the manuscript. It’s likely that the two composers knew each other, as there are a number of clear similarities between their two styles, and the keyboard figurations of the two composers are at times indistinguishable. For this reason, Pieter-Jan Belder decided to group the two composers together for this release. The harpsichord pieces vary from Pavans and Galliards to Fantasias and Maskes (short interludes), as well as transcriptions of and embellishments on traditional folk tunes. The release concludes with Bull’s Quadran Pavan and Galiard, probably the longest piece in the entire Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, with an extensive variation of the pavan followed by a galliard made up of three distinct and varied sections.

Pieter-Jan Belder is a prolific recording artist, with over 130 CD recordings to his name. This is the fourth volume in his acclaimed series of recordings from The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, with the first praised by Fanfare, who said ‘this is one complete recording series that I want to see to completion’. Joined by his student Gerhard Boogaard for one track – who also built the Ruckers harpsichord featured on this disc – Belder tackles the diverse and complex world of Elizabethan harpsichord music with ease.

This new instalment in the first complete recording of the complete Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, a prestigious project of unprecedented scope and importance, is a double-CD containing works by Farnaby and Bull.
The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book is the most famous, extensive and important collection of keyboard music from the English Elizabethan and Jacobean Era. Lodged in the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge it contains more than 300 works for the virginal, by composers such as John, Bull, William Byrd, Thomas Tomkins and many others.
This set contains works by Giles Farnaby and John Bull, two famous British keyboardists, and consist of a wide variety of dance forms such as Pavan, Galliarda, Fantasia and instrumental arrangements of popular songs or madrigals.
Pieter Jan Belder is one of the world’s foremost keyboard players, with an astonishing number of CD’s to his name: the complete Scarlatti Sonatas, Bach keyboard works, Rameau, Soler, Duphly, Marais, CPE Bach, Corelli, Purcell, Telemann…he also wrote the excellent liner notes in the booklet.

Other information:
Recorded in The Netherlands in 2014 -2015.
Contains extensive liner notes by Greg Holt and Pieter-Jan Belder, including notes on every piece.
Contains biography of the artist.

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Farmers Pavan CCLXXXVII
  2. Galliarda CCLXIX
  3. Fantasia CCXXXVI
  4. Mal sims CCLXXXI
  5. Pavana XXXIX
  6. Meridian Alman CCXCI
  7. A Maske CXCVIII
  8. Quodlings Delight CXIV
  9. Fantasia CCXXXII
  10. A Maske CCIX
  11. Wooddy-Cock CXLI
  12. Fantasia CCXXXVII
  13. Giles Farnabys Dreame CXCIV
  14. His Rest Galiard CXCV
  15. Farnabyes Conceit CCLXXIII
  16. His Humour CXCVI
  17. Fantasia CCXXXI
  18. Rosasolis CXLIII
  19. Lachrimae Pavan CCXC
  20. A Toye CCLXX
  21. A Maske CXCIX
  22. Tell mee Daphne CCLXXX
  23. Loth to Depart CCXXX
  24. For Two Virginals LV

Disk 2

  1. Pavana of my L.[ord] Lumley XLI
  2. Galliarda to my L.[ord] Lumley’s Pavan XI
  3. Praeludium in A Minor, FWB CCX
  4. Fantasia CVIII
  5. Pavana CXXXVI
  6. Galliarda CXXXVII
  7. Pavana XXXIV
  8. Galiard to the Pavan XXXV
  9. Prelude CXCII
  10. Ut re mi fa sol la LI
  11. St Thomas Wake XXXVI
  12. The Duke of Brunswicks Alman CXLII
  13. Pipers Galiard CLXXXII
  14. Variatio Ejusdem CLXXXIII
  15. The Quadran Pavan XXXI
  16. Variation of the Quadran Pavan XXXII
  17. Galiard to the Quadran Pavan XXXIII