Vivaldi: Gloria - Magnificat

Vivaldi: Gloria - Magnificat
Composer Antonio Vivaldi
Artist Virtuosi Saxoniae
Ludwig Guttler conductor
Format 1 CD
Cat. number 95022
EAN code 5028421950228
Release October 2014

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About this release

In 1701 Antonio Vivaldi was appointed violin teacher at the Ospedale della Pietà – an orphanage that specialised in musical training for young girls. The choir master, Francesco Gasparini, retired in 1713 and his successor was not deemed to have been successful enough as a composer; Vivaldi was selected to provide all compositions required for the chapel. It was during this time that Vivaldi composed the works recorded on this disc. In addition to these pieces, it has since been discovered that there was a contractual requirement for the choir master to compose two new settings of the Mass and Vespers for Easter and the Feast of Visitation. If we take it that Vivaldi kept to these conditions throughout the time he was engaged to compose for the Pietà, we can assume that the composer wrote much more sacred music than has come down to us; the magnificent works on this recording provide just a snapshot of Vivaldi’s brilliance in this genre.

The Gloria in D is Vivaldi’s most popular choral work and one of his most extensive settings of a liturgical text. The bright opening ‘Gloria’ is well known among choral singers and instrumentalists alike, with much of the vocal writing exploring the very limits of the tonality that was common at the time. The work ends with a resplendent fugue: ‘Cum Sancto Spiritu’. The Magnificat in G minor is another of Vivaldi’s masterpieces. It originally appeared in several different versions; the one performed here is final version – arranged for a performance at the Pietà in 1739 – which contained five newly-composed concertante solo movements with string accompaniment, intended for the very best young musicians in the school. Both the Gloria and the Magnificat would have been performed by girls and women, who are said, somewhat surprisingly, also to have covered the lower vocal parts. Recorded in 1989 and with soloists such as Andrea Ihle and Elisabeth Wilke and string accompaniment from specialist early music ensemble Virtuosi Saxoniae, this disc is a must-have for fans of Vivaldi’s sacred music.

Other information:
- This release contains two of Vivaldi’s most famous sacred works, the Gloria and the Magnificat.
- Vivaldi’s Gloria (RV589) is one of the most popular choral works ever written and performed, by both professionals and amateurs alike. Its jubilant mood, beautiful arias and festive orchestral accompinament fully justify its fame. The darker Magnificat in G minor is a superb, mature work, expressing Maria’s feeling of wonder and devotion in concertante solo movements to string accompaniment.
- Excellent performances in Historical Practice style by the elite group from Germany, the Virtuosi Saxoniae, led by trumpet virtuoso Ludwig Güttler.
- Booklet contains liner notes and full sung texts (Latin).

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Ostro picta, armata spina, RV 642: I. Aria. Ostro picta, armata spina
  2. Ostro picta, armata spina, RV 642: II. Recitative. Sic transit vana et brevis gloria mundi
  3. Ostro picta, armata spina, RV 642: III. Aria. Linguis favete
  4. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: I. Gloria in excelsis deo. Allegro
  5. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: II. Et in terra pax. Andante
  6. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: III. Laudamus te. Allegro
  7. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: IV. Gratias agimus tibi. Adagio
  8. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: V. Propter magnam gloriam tuam. Allegro
  9. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: VI. Domine deus, rex coelestis. Largo
  10. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: VII. Domine fili unigenite. Allegro
  11. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: VIII. Domine deus, agnus dei. Adagio
  12. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: IX. Qui tollis peccata mundi. Adagio
  13. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: X. Qui sedes ad dexteram patris. Allegro
  14. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: XI. Quoniam tu solus sanctus. Allegro
  15. Gloria in D Major, RV 589: XII. Cum sancto siritu. Allegro
  16. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: I. Magnificat. Adagio
  17. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: II. Et exultavit. Allegro
  18. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: III. Quia respexit. Andante molto
  19. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: IV. Quia fecit. Andante
  20. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: V. Et misericordia. Andante molto
  21. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: VI. Fecit potentiam. Presto
  22. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: VII. Deposuit potentes. Allegro
  23. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: VIII. Esurientes. Allegro
  24. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: IX. Suscepit Israel. Largo
  25. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: X. Sicut locutus est. Andante
  26. Magnificat in G Minor, RV 611: XI. Gloria. Largo – Andante – Allegro