Requiem

Composer Antonín Dvorák, Johannes Ockeghem, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Artist Various artist
Format 16 CD
Cat. number 95104
EAN code 5028421951041
Release October 2015

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About this release

Throughout time, composers have repeatedly been drawn to write music around the rituals and practices of death. This release showcases a comprehensive collection of these works through the ages, from the Gregorian hymns of early Christianity right up to modern laments of the 20th century. The haunting early music is sung by the all-male ensemble Schola Cantorum Karolus Magnus; Schola Cantorum Stuttgart perform Ockeghem’s Missa pro defunctis, while Purcell’s magnificent Funeral Sentences for Queen Mary are performed by the highly acclaimed Choir of Clare College, Cambridge, supported by Baroque Brass of London. The choir also sing Renaissance lamentations on the theme of death, concentrating in particular on standout English composers of the period, including William Byrd and Thomas Tallis.

Following a collection of moving 17th-century funeral music – comprising in particular Schütz’ exquisite Musikalische Exequien, written for the death of Prince Heinrich der Jüngere – the first actual ‘Requiem’ is that of Mozart, written in 1791 and completed by Franz Süssmayr. One of his most performed works, the soaring ‘Lacrimosa’ is astonishing in its beauty and simplicity. Unsettlingly, the work was unfinished at the composer’s death, and it is even said that Mozart believed he was writing it for his own funeral.

The Requiems by Cherubini and Dvořák mark the composers’ deviations from what was fast becoming a standard form: Cherubini asked for women’s voices in his work, leading to the composition being banned in 1834, and Dvorák moved the established text around, inserting a beautifully introspective Pie Jesu movement between the Sanctus and Agnus Dei, featuring the soloists without the choir.

Moving even further away from the traditional setting, Brahms’ Ein deutsches Requiem is unusual for featuring a German-language text rather than Latin. Brahms stated that the ‘deutsches’ in the title did not refer to the intended audience but the language, and that he would gladly have called it ‘menschliches’: ‘A human Requiem’. This release features acclaimed singers Anna Tomowa-Sintow and Günther Leib in an historic recording from 1973.

Two of the most famous Requiems also feature on this release, those of Fauré and Verdi. The stormy Dies Irae from Verdi’s Requiem marks a contrast to Fauré’s transcendent Sanctus, with its stripped back harp and string figure. Lesser known Requiems from this period also feature, with Schumann’s masterful work, inspired by his interest in mysticism, and Berlioz’s Grande Messe des morts, with its vast orchestration including four offstage brass groups, performed here by the Utah Symphony Orchestra with Maurice Abravanel at the helm.

Several composers of the 20th century were inspired to write their own Requiems, including Pizzetti, Howells and Puccini; all three of these smaller works are performed by the Camerata Vocale Freiburg, showcasing the composers’ knack for intimacy, taking inspiration at times from Gregorian tradition. The release finishes with one of the finest works of the 20th century: Benjamin Britten’s War Requiem, composed to commemorate the rebuilding of Coventry Cathedral, destroyed in the Second World War, and using excerpts from Wilfred Owen’s poetry of the First. It is accompanied on this recording by Penderecki’s Threnody, written in memory of the victims of Hiroshima, and Berg’s Violin Concerto, a superb lamentation for the dead without words.

This unique box set brings together the most important and well known Requiems and liturgical music for the dead, spanning a near 1000 years. Starting with the Gregorian Chant we move to the Renaissance with a Requiem by Ockeghem, through works by Desprez, Palestrina, Purcell, and Praetorius we arrive at the most “popular” requiem ever written, by Mozart. Following are Requiems by Schumann, Cherubini, Dvořák, Berlioz, Brahms, Fauré, Duruflé, Verdi, Puccini, Howells, Pizzetti and Britten.

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Media vita
  2. Regem cui
  3. Qui vivis
  4. Sitivi
  5. Credo quod redemptor
  6. A porta inferi
  7. Qui lacrimatus
  8. Si iniquitates
  9. Placebo Domino
  10. Requiem aeternam
  11. Kyrie, eleison
  12. Requiem aeternam, Pt. I
  13. Requiem aeternam, Pt. II
  14. Absolve, Domine
  15. Domine Iesu Christe
  16. Sanctus
  17. Agnus Dei
  18. Lux aeterna
  19. Subvenite
  20. Libera me, Domine, de viis
  21. In paradisum
  22. Ego sum resurrection
  23. Aperite mihi
  24. Dies irae

Disk 2

  1. Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Introitus. Requiem aeternam
  2. Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Kyrie
  3. Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Graduale. Si ambulem
  4. Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Tractus. Sicut cervus
  5. Missa pro defunctis for 2 to 4 Voices: Offertorium. Domine Jesu Christe
  6. Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Funeral March I
  7. Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Man That Is Born of a Woman
  8. Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: In the Midst of Life
  9. Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Canzona
  10. Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Thou Knowest, Lord
  11. Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, Z. 860: Funeral March II

Disk 3

  1. Stabat mater
  2. Miserere
  3. How are the mighty fallen
  4. When David heard
  5. Lamentations
  6. O vos omnes
  7. Déploration sur la mort
  8. O vos omnes
  9. Super flumina Babyloni
  10. Absalon, fili mi
  11. Civitas sancti tui
  12. When David heard
  13. Vox in Rama

Disk 4

  1. Musikalische Exequien Op. 7: Nacket bin ich von Mutterleibe kommen SWV 279
  2. Musae Sioniae BVIII: Herzlich lieb hab ich dich
  3. Musikalische Exequien Op. 7: Herr, wenn ich nur dich habe SWV 280
  4. Musikalische Exequien Op. 7: Herr, nun lässest du deinen Diener – Selig sind die Toten SWV 281
  5. Musae Sioniae BVIII: Mit Fried und Freud ich fahr dahin
  6. Musae Sioniae BVIII: Hört auf mit Weinen und Klagen
  7. Threnus
  8. Geistliche Chor-Musik Op. 11: X. Die mit Tränen säen SWV 378
  9. Geistliche Chor-Musik Op. 11: XX. Das ist je gewißlich wahr SWV 388
  10. Quis dabit oculis

Disk 5

  1. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: I. Introitus. Requiem aeternam (chorus/soprano)
  2. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: II. Kyrie (chorus)
  3. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Dies irae (chorus)
  4. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Tuba mirum (soloists)
  5. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Rex tremendae (chorus)
  6. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Recordare (soloists)
  7. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Confutatis (chorus)
  8. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: III. Sequentia. Lacrimosa (chorus)
  9. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: IV. Offertorium. Domine Jesu (chorus/soloists)
  10. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: IV. Offertorium. Versus. Hostias (chorus)
  11. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: V. Sanctus (chorus)
  12. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: VI. Benedictus (soloists/chorus)
  13. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: VII. Agnus dei (chorus)
  14. Requiem in D Minor, K. 626: VIII.Communio. Lux aeterna (soprano/chorus)

Disk 6

  1. Requiem in D Minor: I. Introitus and Kyrie
  2. Requiem in D Minor: II. Graduale
  3. Requiem in D Minor: III. Dies irae
  4. Requiem in D Minor: IV. Offertorium
  5. Requiem in D Minor: V. Sanctus
  6. Requiem in D Minor: VI. Pie Jesu
  7. Requiem in D Minor: VII. Agnus dei
  8. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: I. Introitus. Requiem aeternam. Kyrie(chorus/soloists)
  9. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: II. Graduale. Requiem aeternam (soprano/chorus)
  10. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Dies irae (chorus)
  11. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Tuba mirum (alto/tenor/bass/chorus)
  12. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Quid sum miser (soloists/chorus)

Disk 7

  1. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Recordare, Jesu pie (soloists)
  2. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Confutatis maledictis (chorus)
  3. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 1: III. Sequentia. Lacrimosa (soloists/chorus)
  4. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: IV. Offertorium. Domine Jesu Christe (soloists/chorus)
  5. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: IV. Offertorium. Hostias (soloists/chorus)
  6. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: V. Sanctus (soloists/chorus)
  7. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: VI. Pie Jesu (soprano/alto/tenor/chorus)
  8. Requiem, Op. 89, B. 165, Pt. 2: VII. Agnus Dei (soloists/chorus)

Disk 8

  1. Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: I. Selig sind, die da Leid tragen (chorus)
  2. Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: II. Denn alles Fleisch, es ist wie Gras (chorus)
  3. Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: III. Herr, lehre doch mich (baritone/chorus)
  4. Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: IV. Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen (chorus)
  5. Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: V. Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit (soprano/chorus)
  6. Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: VI. Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt (baritone/chorus)
  7. Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45: VII. Selig sind die Toten (chorus)

Disk 9

  1. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: I. Requiem et kyrie
  2. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: II. Dies irae
  3. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: III. Quid sum miser
  4. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: IV. Rex tremendae
  5. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: V. Quaerens me
  6. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: VI. Lacrymosa
  7. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: VII. Offertoire
  8. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: VIII. Hostias

Disk 10

  1. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: IX. Sanctus
  2. Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, H 75: X. Agnus Dei
  3. Requiem, Op. 148: I. Requiem. Requiem
  4. Requiem, Op. 148: I. Requiem. Te decet hymnus
  5. Requiem, Op. 148: II. Dies irae. Dies irae
  6. Requiem, Op. 148: II. Dies irae. Liber scriptus
  7. Requiem, Op. 148: II. Dies irae. Qui Mariam
  8. Requiem, Op. 148: III. Offertorium. Domine Jesu
  9. Requiem, Op. 148: III. Offertorium. Hostias
  10. Requiem, Op. 148: IV. Sanctus
  11. Requiem, Op. 148: V. Benedictus, VI. Agnus Dei, VII.Lux aeterna

Disk 11

  1. Messa da Requiem: I. Requiem
  2. Messa da Requiem: II. Kyrie
  3. Messa da Requiem: I. Dies irae
  4. Messa da Requiem: II. Tuba mirum
  5. Messa da Requiem: III. Mors stupebit
  6. Messa da Requiem: IV. Liber scriptus
  7. Messa da Requiem: V. Quid sum miser
  8. Messa da Requiem: VI. Rex tremendae
  9. Messa da Requiem: VII. Recordare
  10. Messa da Requiem: VIII. Ingemisco
  11. Messa da Requiem: IX. Confutatis
  12. Messa da Requiem: X. Dies irae
  13. Messa da Requiem: XI. Lacrymosa

Disk 12

  1. Messa da Requiem: III. Domine Jesu Christe
  2. Messa da Requiem: IV. Hostias
  3. Messa da Requiem: IV. Sanctus
  4. Messa da Requiem: V. Agnus Die
  5. Messa da Requiem: VI. Lux aeterna
  6. Messa da Requiem: I. Libera me
  7. Messa da Requiem: II. Dies irae
  8. Messa da Requiem: III. Requiem aeternam
  9. Messa da Requiem: IV. Libera me

Disk 13

  1. Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: I. Introït et Kyrie
  2. Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: II. Offertoire
  3. Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: III. Sanctus
  4. Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: IV. Pie Jesu
  5. Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: V. Agnus Dei
  6. Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: VI. Libera me
  7. Requiem in D Minor, Op. 48: VII. In paradisum
  8. Requiem, Op. 9: I. Introït
  9. Requiem, Op. 9: II. Kyrie
  10. Requiem, Op. 9: III. Domine Jesu Christe
  11. Requiem, Op. 9: IV. Sanctus
  12. Requiem, Op. 9: V. Jesu
  13. Requiem, Op. 9: VI. Agnus Dei
  14. Requiem, Op. 9: VII. Lux aeterna
  15. Requiem, Op. 9: VIII. Libera me
  16. Requiem, Op. 9: IX. In paradisum

Disk 14

  1. Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: I. Requiem
  2. Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: II. Dies irae
  3. Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: III. Sanctus
  4. Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: IV. Agnus Dei
  5. Messa di Requiem for 5– 12 Part Choir a Cappella: V. Libera me
  6. Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: I. Salvator mundi
  7. Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: II. Psalm 23
  8. Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: III. Requiem aeternam
  9. Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: IV. Psalm 12
  10. Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: V. Requiem aeternam
  11. Requiem for 4–8 Part Choir a Cappella and Four Solo Voices: VI. I Heard a Voice from Heaven
  12. Requiem for Choir, Organ and Viola

Disk 15

  1. War Requiem, Op. 66: I. Requiem aeternam. Requiem aeternam (chorus/boys’ choir)
  2. War Requiem, Op. 66: I. Requiem aeternam. What Passing-bells (tenor)
  3. War Requiem, Op. 66: I. Requiem aeternam. Kyrie eleison (chorus)
  4. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Dies irae, dies illa (chorus)
  5. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Bugles Sang (baritone)
  6. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Liber scriptus proferetur (soprano/chorus)
  7. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Out There, We Qalked Quite Friendly up to Death (tenor/baritone)
  8. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Recordare, Jesu pie (chorus)
  9. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Be Slowly Lifted Up (baritone)
  10. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Dies irae, dies illa (chorus/soprano)
  11. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Lacrimosa (chorus). Move Him into the Sun (tenor)
  12. War Requiem, Op. 66: II. Dies irae. Pie Jesu Domine (chorus)
  13. War Requiem, Op. 66: III. Offertorium. Domine Jesu Christe (boys’ choir)
  14. War Requiem, Op. 66: III. Offertorium. Sed Signifer sanctus Michael (chorus)
  15. War Requiem, Op. 66: III. Offertorium. So Abram Rose (baritone/tenor)
  16. War Requiem, Op. 66: III. Offertorium. Quam olim Abrahae (chorus)
  17. War Requiem, Op. 66: IV. Sanctus. Sanctus (soprano/chorus)
  18. War Requiem, Op. 66: IV. Sanctus. Hosanna – Benedictus – Hosanna (chorus/soprano)
  19. War Requiem, Op. 66: IV. Sanctus. After the Blast (baritone)

Disk 16

  1. War Requiem, Op. 66 : V. Agnus Dei. One Ever Hangs (tenor/chorus)
  2. War Requiem, Op. 66 : VI. Libera me. Libera Me (chorus/soprano)
  3. War Requiem, Op. 66 : VI. Libera me. It Seemed (tenor/baritone)
  4. War Requiem, Op. 66 : VI. Libera me. Let Us Sleep Now (tenor/baritone/soprano/boys’ choir/chorus)
  5. Threnody “To the Victims of Hiroshima”
  6. Violin Concerto: I. Andante – Allegretto
  7. Violin Concerto: II. Allegro, ma sempre rubato, frei wie eine Kadenz – Adagio