Debussy: Violin Sonata, Cello Sonata, Piano Trio

Debussy: Violin Sonata, Cello Sonata, Piano Trio
Composer Claude Debussy
Artist Trio Stradivari
Federico Guglielmo violin
Luigi Puxeddu cello
Jolanda Violante piano
Format 1 CD
Cat. number 94766
EAN code 5028421947662
Release March 2014

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About this release

These original works and arrangements for violin, cello and piano by Claude Debussy span the composer’s protean career, from the early Piano Trio of 1880 to the Cello Sonata of 1915 and the Violin Sonata, completed in 1917 as part of an abortive six-sonata project which ended halfway when he died the following year. Especially since the performances are given with the experience harvested by three musicians who are better known as early-music specialists, soaked in the philosophy of historically informed performance practice, they offer an intriguing survey, unique on record, of the composer’s development. As Harold Schonberg, music critic of The New York Times, wrote, it would be amusing to invite classical music ‘experts’ to listen to the Piano Trio, with its expressive reminiscences of Schumann, and then guess who the composer is: few of them would say Debussy. And yet the two late sonatas masterfully shuffle the cards of Impressionism, pre-Classical sonata structures and Stravinskian distance and eccentricity: the Cello Sonata originally bore a heavily symbolic title (Pierrot faché avec la lune) relating to the paintings of Watteau with their elusive mixture of melancholy and irony. It uses the timbre of early music and citations from the great French harpsichordists to conjure up Pierrot’s moody, troubled world, which was that of the slyly smiling masks of the commedia dell’arte.

The arrangements are the work of several hands, among them Debussy himself, of better-known and justifiably popular works that revel in the sophisticated evocation of mood through lyrical melody and evanescent textures, including ‘The Girl with the Flaxen Hair’ and ‘Minstrels’.

Other information:
- Recorded in 2013.
- The works on this CD stem from the early and from the late period of Debussy’s creative life, and are for these reasons not “typical Debussy”, in the sense that they eschew the “impressionistic” features so often associated with the composer.
- The piano trio is a sumptuously romantic work, with echoes of Schumann and Franck, whereas the cello sonata and violin sonata are part of the “6 sonata” project which Debussy started in 1915, but didn’t complete because of his untimely death in 1918 (only 3 sonatas were composed). The music is transparent, with neo-classical hints, and sometimes with Stravinskian bite and humour.
- The musicians on this CD, Federico Guglielmo, Luigi Puxeddu and Jolanda Violante have won their spurs mainly in Early Music; therefore their view on these works is fresh and open, with infectious esprit and zest.
- As bonus a series of short and much loved pieces in arrangements: Reverie, Arabesque, Minstrels, La fille aux cheveux de lin, and two early original miniatures for cello and piano.
- ‘I think they are among the best music groups I have heard in a long time.' (Isaac Stern on Trio Stradivari)

Track list

Disk 1

  1. Piano Trio in G Major, L. 3: I. Andantino con moto allegro
  2. Piano Trio in G Major, L. 3: II. Scherzo-Intermezzo. Moderato con allegro
  3. Piano Trio in G Major, L. 3: III. Andante espressivo
  4. Piano Trio in G Major, L. 3: IV. Finale. Appassionato
  5. Violin Sonata in G Minor, L. 140: I. Allegro vivo
  6. Violin Sonata in G Minor, L. 140: II. Intermède. Fantasque et legér
  7. Violin Sonata in G Minor, L. 140: III. Finale. Très animé
  8. Cello Sonata in D Minor, L. 135: I. Prologue. Lent, sostenuto e molto risoluto
  9. Cello Sonata in D Minor, L. 135: II. Sérénade. Modérément animé
  10. Cello Sonata in D Minor, L. 135: III. Final. Animé, léger et nerveux
  11. Intermezzo, L. 27
  12. Scherzo, L. 26
  13. Préludes, L. 117: No. 12, Minstrels
  14. Préludes, L. 117: No. 8, La fille aux cheveux de lin
  15. Deux Arabesques, L. 66: Première Arabesque
  16. Romances, L. 79: Romance No. 1
  17. Rêverie, L. 68